Calluses And Corns Specialist

Gotham Footcare

Podiatrists located in New York, NY

Calluses and Corns Q & A

What are Corns and Calluses?

Corns and calluses are hard thickened layers of skin that develop because the skin is trying to protect the soft tissue overlying prominent areas of bone from surrounding pressure and friction.   Corns and calluses typically develop on the toes and feet and fingers and hands.  Both conditions are often confused with one another and can be distinguished by their location.  Corns generally occur at pressure points, typically on the top or side of toes, and can be very thickened and painful whereas calluses form on the weight-bearing part of feet and they are flatter, wider, and less painful.  

What Causes Corns and Calluses?

Some corns and calluses on the feet develop simply because of one’s anatomy or a foot deformity.  However, in most cases, corns and calluses are caused by ill-fitting shoes.  High-heeled shoes are the worst offender as they place a tremendous amount of pressure on the toes and feet making women four times more likely than men to suffer from corns and calluses.  Other risk factors include wearing shoes or sandals without socks due to rubbing and friction.

What are the risk factors for Corns and Calluses?

  • Bunions. The prominent bump of a bunion deformity can lead to the formation of a callus due to increased pressure and friction on the skin surrounding the bump as it rubs against one’s shoe. 
  • Hammertoes.  The claw-like contracture of a hammertoe deformity can lead to the formation of corns as the toe rubs up against the shoe or adjacent toes.
  • Other foot deformities. Certain conditions, such as a bone spur, can cause constant rubbing inside your shoe leading to a callused heel.
  • Not wearing appropriate shoe gear can expose your skin to excessive friction.

How do I prevent Corns and calluses?

At Gotham Footcare, our main focus is to reduce and prevent the formation of corns and calluses by alleviating the friction and pressure that’s causing them to form in the first place.  This involves taking a detailed patient history which will include discussing what type of daily and recreational activities you perform and the types of shoes that you wear while performing such activities.  Our doctors will educate you on the pros and cons of different shoe gear for different activities.  Wearing the appropriate shoe will significantly reduce unnecessary pressure in areas of high risk.  

At Gotham Footcare, our doctors make custom-molded orthotics specifically designed to support the unique structure of your feet.  Our custom orthotics will match the precise way that you walk and run, cushioning, and support your feet with each step.  By controlling the way you move and the way in which your foot strikes the ground, our orthotics will help reduce and eliminate faulty biomechanical forces that cause painful corns and calluses to develop.